The connection between human physiognomy and racial status is concrete; in Judge Tucker’s words, every individual’s race has been “stampt” by nature. A newly popular argument among several scholars, is that races are wholly illusory, whether as a biological or social concept.
Under this thinking, if there is no natural link between faces and races, then no connection exists. I define a “race” as a vast group of people loosely bound together by historically contingent, socially significant elements of their morphology and/or ancestry.
According to Hindu mythology, the Manusmriti is the word of Brahma, and it is classified as the most authoritative statement on Dharma . Wise men should not marry women who do not have a brother and whose parents are not socially well known.
The scripture consists of 2690 verses, divided into 12 chapters.
Hindu apologists consider the Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct and, accordingly, the status of women as depicted in the text has been interpreted as Hindu divine law. Since carnal desire is always strong, it can lead to temptation.
While defending Manusmriti as divine code of conduct for all including women, apologists often quote the verse: , but they deliberately forget all those verses that are full of prejudice, hatred and discrimination against women. Women, true to their class character, are capable of leading astray men in this world, not only a fool but even a learned and wise man.
This is based on a racial classification made by Carleton S. There is no universally accepted classification for “race”, however, and its use has been under fire over the last few decades.
As one scholar notes, “[t]he nineteenth century was a period of exhaustive and–as it turned out–futile search for criteria to define and describe race differences.”. By 1871, some leading intellectuals had recognized that even using the word “race” “was virtually a confession of ignorance or evil intent.” The genetic studies of the last few decades have only added more nails to the coffin of biological race. The rejection of race in science is now almost complete. Unfortunately, few in this society seem prepared to fully relinquish their subscription to notions of biological race..
That is, greater genetic variation exists within the populations typically labeled Black and White than between these populations. Despite a seeming rejection of biological race, Justice White [stated]: “The Court of Appeals was thus quite right in holding that § 1981, ‘at a minimum,’ reaches discrimination against an individual ‘because he or she is genetically part of an ethnically and physiognomically distinctive subgrouping of homo sapiens.”‘.
This finding refutes the supposition that racial divisions reflect fundamental genetic differences.
Forehead most often high, little supraobital development.
Face: Leproscopic (to a much lesser degree than the Caucasion), Prognathism common in most Negro populations.