Historically, the monastic scapular was at times referred to as scutum (i.e.shield), as it was laid over the head, which it originally covered and protected with one portion (from which the hood afterwards developed).Today, the monastic scapular is part of the garb, the habit, of many Christian religious orders, of both monks and nuns.It is an outer garment about the width of the chest, from shoulder to shoulder.It hangs down in the front and back almost to the feet, but is open on the sides (it was originally joined by straps at the waist).It is related to the analavos worn in the Eastern tradition.A specific aspect of the use of the monastic scapular from its earliest days was obedience and the term jugum Christi, i.e. The term "yoke of Christ" signified obedience and removing a scapular was like removing the yoke of Christ, i.e. For instance, the Carmelite constitution of 1281 prescribed that the Scapular should be worn to bed under penalty of serious fault.And the constitution of 1369 included automatic excommunication for a Carmelite saying mass without a scapular.
Elisabeth’s funeral was held on June 23, 2015, at the A. A memorial service for Elisabeth was held on Sunday, July 26, 2015, in Edman Chapel at Wheaton College in Wheaton, Illinois.
She used her experiences as a daughter, wife, mother, widow, and missionary to bring the message of Christ to countless women and men around the world.
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