The Battle of Frenchtown (January 18–23, 1813) was part of a United States effort to retake the city, and American troops suffered their highest fatalities of any battle in the war.This battle is commemorated at River Raisin National Battlefield Park south of Detroit in Monroe County.In 1805, fire destroyed most of the Detroit settlement, which consisted mostly of wooden buildings.A river warehouse and brick chimneys of the former wooden homes were the sole structures to survive.Detroit was finally recaptured by the United States later that year. As the city expanded, a geometric street plan developed by Augustus B.
Many went across the Detroit River to Canada to escape pursuit by slave catchers.
From 1805 to 1847, Detroit was the capital of Michigan (first the territory, then the state).
Detroit surrendered without a fight to British troops during the War of 1812 in the Siege of Detroit.
The City of Detroit anchors the third-largest economic region in the Midwest, behind Chicago and Minneapolis-St. During the 19th century, it became an important industrial hub at the center of the Great Lakes region.
With expansion of the auto industry in the early 20th century, the city and its suburbs experienced rapid growth, and by the 1940s, the city had become the fourth-largest in the country.