that had been sealed inside the shafts of the Queens Chamber since completion of construction work on that room, was amongst the unique collection of relics brought out of the Great Pyramid in 1872 by the British engineer Waynman Dixon.
The other two Dixon relics - the small metal hook and the stone sphere - have been located after having been misplaced by the British Museum for a very long while.
Piazzi Smyth also correctly noted that the tool was strangely small and delicate for [being a] Great Pyramid implement On the 4 October 1993 I went to the Newspaper Library of the British Library at Colindale.
I looked up the December 1872 issues of The Graphic and, in the issue 7 December 1872 I found John Dixons article on P.53 (text) and P.545 (drawings).
We are at a loss to explain this apparent failure of scholarship and are equally unable to understand why there has been no move to extract and carbon-date further samples of the Great Pyramids mortar in order to test Lehners potentially revolutionary results.
The evidence presented in this book concerning the origins and antiquity of the monuments of the Giza necropolis suggests that the genesis and original planning and layout of the site may be dated, using the tools of modern computer-aided , to the epoch of 10,500 BC.
We have also argued, on the basis of a combination of geological, architectural and archaeoastronomical indicators that the Great Sphinx, its associated megalithic temples, and at least the lower courses of the so-called Pyramid of Khafre, may in fact have been built at that exceedingly remote date.
It was here (in the north passage) we found the tools The now famous cigar box with the relics inside arrived safely on 26 November 1872 in the hands of Piazzi Smyth in Edinburgh.
He entered this in his diary and also produced a full-size sketch of the metal tool.